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    bromoethene
    CAS No.: 593-60-2 Formula: C2H3Br Molecular Weight: 106.94900
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    bromoethene

    CAS No.: 593-60-2 Formula: C2H3Br Molecular Weight: 106.94900
    Suppliers: All (26) China Suppliers (26) Price Available (8) Contractor (2)

    Description

    Vinyl bromide is a simple vinyl halide. It is soluble in chloroform, ethanol, diethyl ether, tetrahydrofuran, acetone and benzene.

    Basic Info

    Chemical Name bromoethene
    Synonyms

    cis-vinyl bromide; Vinyl bromide; trans vinyl bromide; bromoethylene; Ethene, bromo-;

    CAS No. 593-60-2
    Molecular Formula C2H3Br
    Molecular Weight 106.94900
    PSA 0.00000
    LogP 1.52480

    Numbering system

    UNII 83NRW59KFY

    Properties

    Appearance & Physical State colorless gas
    Density 1.4933
    Boiling Point 16oC
    Melting Point -139oC
    Flash Point 5oC
    Refractive Index n20/D 1.410
    Water Solubility insoluble
    Stability Stable, but may polymerize in sunlight. Reacts violently with all types of oxidizer. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, peroxides, copper, copper alloys, plastics. Highly flammable.
    Storage Condition 2-8oC
    Vapor Density 3.8 (15 °C, vs air)
    Vapor Pressure 1551 mm Hg ( 37.8 °C)

    Safety Info

    RTECS KU8400000
    Hazard Class 2.1
    Safety Statements S53-S45
    WGK Germany 3
    RIDADR UN 1085
    Risk Statements R45; R12
    Hazard Codes F+; T
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    SAFETY DATA SHEETS

    According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

    Version: 1.0

    Creation Date: Aug 14, 2017

    Revision Date: Aug 14, 2017

    1.Identification

    1.1 GHS Product identifier

    Product name bromoethene

    1.2 Other means of identification

    Product number -
    Other names Vinyl bromide

    1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

    Identified uses For industry use only. Vinyl bromide is primarily used in the manufacture of flame retardant synthetic fibers. Its copolymer with vinyl chloride is also used for preparing films, for laminating fibers, and as rubber substitutes.
    Uses advised against no data available

    1.4 Supplier's details

    Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
    Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
    Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
    Telephone +86(21)64956998
    Fax +86(21)54365166

    1.5 Emergency phone number

    Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
    Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

    2.Hazard identification

    2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

    Gases under pressure: Compressed gas

    Flammable gases, Category 1

    Carcinogenicity, Category 1B

    2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

    Pictogram(s)
    Signal word

    Danger

    Hazard statement(s)

    H220 Extremely flammable gas

    H350 May cause cancer

    Precautionary statement(s)
    Prevention

    P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

    P201 Obtain special instructions before use.

    P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

    P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

    Response

    P377 Leaking gas fire: Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely.

    P381 In case of leakage, eliminate all ignition sources.

    P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/ attention.

    Storage

    P410+P403 Protect from sunlight. Store in a well-ventilated place.

    P403 Store in a well-ventilated place.

    P405 Store locked up.

    Disposal

    P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

    2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

    none

    3.Composition/information on ingredients

    3.1 Substances

    Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
    bromoethene bromoethene 593-60-2 none 100%

    4.First-aid measures

    4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

    General advice

    Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

    If inhaled

    Fresh air, rest. Refer for medical attention.

    In case of skin contact

    ON FROSTBITE: rinse with plenty of water, do NOT remove clothes.

    In case of eye contact

    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

    If swallowed

    Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer for medical attention .

    4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

    Excerpt from ERG Guide 116P [Gases - Flammable (Unstable)]: Vapors may cause dizziness or asphyxiation without warning. Some may be toxic if inhaled at high concentrations. Contact with gas or liquefied gas may cause burns, severe injury and/or frostbite. Fire may produce irritating and/or toxic gases. (ERG, 2016)

    4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

    Basic treatment: Establish a patent airway. Suction if necessary. Watch for signs of respiratory insufficiency and assist ventilations if necessary. Administer oxygen by nonrebreather mask at 10 to 15 L/min. Monitor for pulmonary edema and treat if necessary ... . Monitor for shock and treat if necessary ... . Anticipate seizures and treat if necessary ... . For eye contamination, flush eyes immediately with water. Irrigate each eye continuously with normal saline during transport ... . Do not use emetics. For ingestion, rinse mouth and administer 5 ml/kg up to 200 ml of water for dilution if the patient can swallow, has a strong gag reflex, and does not drool. Administer activated charcoal ... . Cover skin burns with dry sterile dressings after decontamination ... . /Bromine, methyl bromide, and related compounds/

    5.Fire-fighting measures

    5.1 Extinguishing media

    Suitable extinguishing media

    TO FIGHT FIRE, USE /CARBON DIOXIDE/, DRY CHEMICAL, OR WATER SPRAY.

    5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

    Excerpt from ERG Guide 116P [Gases - Flammable (Unstable)]: EXTREMELY FLAMMABLE. Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Will form explosive mixtures with air. Silane (UN2203) will ignite spontaneously in air. Those substances designated with a (P) may polymerize explosively when heated or involved in a fire. Vapors from liquefied gas are initially heavier than air and spread along ground. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Cylinders exposed to fire may vent and release flammable gas through pressure relief devices. Containers may explode when heated. Ruptured cylinders may rocket. (ERG, 2016)

    5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

    Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

    6.Accidental release measures

    6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

    Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

    6.2 Environmental precautions

    Evacuate danger area! Personal protection: chemical protection suit including self-contained breathing apparatus. Ventilation. Remove all ignition sources.

    6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

    PRECAUTIONS FOR "CARCINOGENS": A high-efficiency particulate arrestor (HEPA) or charcoal filters can be used to minimize amt of carcinogen in exhausted air ventilated safety cabinets, lab hoods, glove boxes or animal rooms ... Filter housing that is designed so that used filters can be transferred into plastic bag without contaminating maintenance staff is avail commercially. Filters should be placed in plastic bags immediately after removal ... The plastic bag should be sealed immediately ... The sealed bag should be labelled properly ... Waste liquids ... should be placed or collected in proper containers for disposal. The lid should be secured & the bottles properly labelled. Once filled, bottles should be placed in plastic bag, so that outer surface ... is not contaminated ... The plastic bag should also be sealed & labelled. ... Broken glassware ... should be decontaminated by solvent extraction, by chemical destruction, or in specially designed incinerators. /Chemical Carcinogens/

    7.Handling and storage

    7.1 Precautions for safe handling

    Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

    7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

    Fireproof. Cool. Keep in a well-ventilated room. Separated from oxidants. Store only if stabilized.Keep container in a well-ventilated place.

    8.Exposure controls/personal protection

    8.1 Control parameters

    Occupational Exposure limit values

    NIOSH considers vinyl bromide to be a potential occupational carcinogen.

    NIOSH usually recommends that occupational exposures to carcinogens be limited to the lowest feasible concentration.

    Biological limit values

    no data available

    8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

    Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

    8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

    Eye/face protection

    Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

    Skin protection

    Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

    Respiratory protection

    Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

    Thermal hazards

    no data available

    9.Physical and chemical properties

    Physical state colorless gas
    Colour Gas under normal atmospheric conditions, colorless liquid under pressure
    Odour Characteristic pungent odor
    Melting point/ freezing point -139oC
    Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 16oC
    Flammability Flammable GasFlammable.
    Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Lower Flammable limit: 9% by vol, higher flammable limit: 15% by vol
    Flash point 5oC
    Auto-ignition temperature 472.22°C
    Decomposition temperature no data available
    pH no data available
    Kinematic viscosity 0.2393 cSt
    Solubility In water:insoluble
    Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow= 1.57
    Vapour pressure 1551 mm Hg ( 37.8 °C)
    Density and/or relative density 1.4933
    Relative vapour density 3.8 (15 °C, vs air)
    Particle characteristics no data available

    10.Stability and reactivity

    10.1 Reactivity

    no data available

    10.2 Chemical stability

    Stable under recommended storage conditions.

    10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

    A VERY DANGEROUS FIRE HAZARD WHEN EXPOSED TO HEAT OR FLAME.The vapour is heavier than air.VINYL BROMIDE is a light sensitive, peroxidizable monomer may initiate exothermic polymerization of the bulk material [Handling Chemicals Safely 1980.. p. 958]. It will react violently with oxidants.

    10.4 Conditions to avoid

    no data available

    10.5 Incompatible materials

    ... Reacts violently with oxidants ... .

    10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

    When strongly heated, they emit highly toxic fumes of /hydrogen bromide/.

    11.Toxicological information

    Acute toxicity

    • Oral: LD50 Rat oral (50% soln in corn oil) 500 mg/kg
    • Inhalation: no data available
    • Dermal: no data available

    Skin corrosion/irritation

    no data available

    Serious eye damage/irritation

    no data available

    Respiratory or skin sensitization

    no data available

    Germ cell mutagenicity

    no data available

    Carcinogenicity

    Evaluation: No epidemiological data relevant to the carcinogenicity of vinyl bromide were available. There is sufficient evidence in experimental animals for the carcinogenicity of vinyl bromide. Overall evaluation: Vinyl bromide is probably carcinogenic to humans (Group 2A). In making the overall evaluation, the Working Group took into consideration that all available studies showed a consistently parallel response between vinyl bromide and vinyl chloride. In addition, both vinyl chloride and vinyl bromide are activated via P450 dependent pathway to their corresponding epoxides. For both vinyl chloride and vinyl bromide, the covalent binding of these compounds to DNA forms the respective etheno adducts. The weight of positive evidence for both compounds was also noted among the studies for genotoxicity, although the number and variety of tests for vinyl bromide were fewer.

    Reproductive toxicity

    No information is available on the reproductive or developmental effects of vinyl bromide in animals or humans.

    STOT-single exposure

    no data available

    STOT-repeated exposure

    no data available

    Aspiration hazard

    no data available

    12.Ecological information

    12.1 Toxicity

    • Toxicity to fish: no data available
    • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: no data available
    • Toxicity to algae: no data available
    • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

    12.2 Persistence and degradability

    no data available

    12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

    An estimated BCF of 3 was calculated for vinyl bromide(SRC), using a log Kow of 1.57(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

    12.4 Mobility in soil

    The Koc of vinyl bromide is estimated as 170(SRC), using a log Kow of 1.57(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this estimated Koc value suggests that vinyl bromide is expected to have moderate mobility in soil(SRC).

    12.5 Other adverse effects

    no data available

    13.Disposal considerations

    13.1 Disposal methods

    Product

    The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

    Contaminated packaging

    Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

    14.Transport information

    14.1 UN Number

    ADR/RID: UN1085 IMDG: UN1085 IATA: UN1085

    14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

    ADR/RID: VINYL BROMIDE, STABILIZED
    IMDG: VINYL BROMIDE, STABILIZED
    IATA: VINYL BROMIDE, STABILIZED

    14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

    ADR/RID: 3 IMDG: 3 IATA: 3

    14.4 Packing group, if applicable

    ADR/RID: I IMDG: I IATA: I

    14.5 Environmental hazards

    ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

    14.6 Special precautions for user

    no data available

    14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

    no data available

    15.Regulatory information

    15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

    Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
    bromoethene bromoethene 593-60-2 none
    European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
    EC Inventory Listed.
    United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
    China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
    New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
    Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
    Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Not Listed.
    Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Not Listed.

    16.Other information

    Information on revision

    Creation Date Aug 14, 2017
    Revision Date Aug 14, 2017

    Abbreviations and acronyms

    • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
    • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
    • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
    • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
    • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
    • TWA: Time Weighted Average
    • STEL: Short term exposure limit
    • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
    • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
    • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

    References

    • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
    • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
    • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
    • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
    • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
    • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
    • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
    • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
    • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

    Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
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