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    1,2-Dichloroethane
    CAS No.: 107-06-2 Formula: C2H4Cl2 Molecular Weight: 98.95920
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    1,2-Dichloroethane

    CAS No.: 107-06-2 Formula: C2H4Cl2 Molecular Weight: 98.95920
    Suppliers: All (91) China Suppliers (91) Price Available (16) Contractor (10)

    Description

    The chemical compound 1,2-dichloroethane commonly known as ethylene dichloride (EDC), is a chlorinated hydrocarbon. It is a colourless liquid with a chloroform-like odour. The most common use of 1,2-dichloroethane is in the production of vinyl chloride, which is used to make polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipes, furniture and automobile upholstery, wall coverings, housewares, and automobile parts.1,2-Dichloroethane is also used generally as an intermediate for other organic chemical compounds and as a solvent. It forms azeotropes with many other solvents, including water (b.p.70.5°C) and other chlorocarbons.

    Numbering system

    RTECS number KI0525000
    BRN number 605264
    MDL number MFCD00000963
    EINECS number 203-458-1

    Properties

    Appearance & Physical State Clear liquid with a chloroform-like odor
    Density 1.253
    Boiling Point 83.5oC
    Melting Point -35oC
    Flash Point 13oC
    Refractive Index 1.444-1.446
    Water Solubility 8.7 g/L (20 oC)
    Storage Condition 0-6oC
    Vapor Density 3.4 (20 °C, vs air)
    Vapor Pressure 87 mm Hg ( 25 °C)

    Safety Info

    RTECS KI0525000
    Hazard Class 3
    Safety Statements 53-45-24-16-7
    HS Code 2903150000
    Packing Group II
    WGK Germany 3
    RIDADR UN 1184
    Risk Statements R11; R22; R36/37/38; R45
    Hazard Codes F; T
    Symbol GHS02, GHS06, GHS08
    Signal Word Danger
    Hazard Declaration H225; H302; H315; H319; H331; H335; H350
    Caution Statement P201; P210; P280; P308 + P313; P370 + P378; P403 + P235
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    SAFETY DATA SHEETS

    According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

    Version: 1.0

    Creation Date: Aug 10, 2017

    Revision Date: Aug 10, 2017

    1.Identification

    1.1 GHS Product identifier

    Product name 1,2-dichloroethane

    1.2 Other means of identification

    Product number -
    Other names 1,2-DICHLOROETHANE

    1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

    Identified uses For industry use only. Volatile organic compounds
    Uses advised against no data available

    1.4 Supplier's details

    Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
    Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
    Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
    Telephone +86(21)64956998
    Fax +86(21)54365166

    1.5 Emergency phone number

    Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
    Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

    2.Hazard identification

    2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

    Flammable liquids, Category 2

    Acute toxicity - Oral, Category 4

    Skin irritation, Category 2

    Eye irritation, Category 2

    Specific target organ toxicity – single exposure, Category 3

    Carcinogenicity, Category 1B

    2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

    Pictogram(s)
    Signal word

    Danger

    Hazard statement(s)

    H225 Highly flammable liquid and vapour

    H302 Harmful if swallowed

    H315 Causes skin irritation

    H319 Causes serious eye irritation

    H335 May cause respiratory irritation

    H350 May cause cancer

    Precautionary statement(s)
    Prevention

    P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

    P233 Keep container tightly closed.

    P240 Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.

    P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/...] equipment.

    P242 Use non-sparking tools.

    P243 Take action to prevent static discharges.

    P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

    P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

    P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.

    P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

    P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.

    P201 Obtain special instructions before use.

    P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.

    Response

    P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

    P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.

    P301+P312 IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

    P330 Rinse mouth.

    P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

    P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

    P332+P313 If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

    P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

    P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

    P337+P313 If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.

    P304+P340 IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.

    P312 Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…if you feel unwell.

    P308+P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/ attention.

    Storage

    P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

    P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.

    P405 Store locked up.

    Disposal

    P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

    2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

    none

    3.Composition/information on ingredients

    3.1 Substances

    Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
    1,2-dichloroethane 1,2-dichloroethane 107-06-2 none 100%

    4.First-aid measures

    4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

    General advice

    Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

    If inhaled

    Fresh air, rest. Half-upright position. Administration of oxygen may be needed. Artificial respiration may be needed. Refer immediately for medical attention.

    In case of skin contact

    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap. Refer immediately for medical attention.

    In case of eye contact

    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

    If swallowed

    Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. Give one or two glasses of water to drink. Refer immediately for medical attention.

    4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

    Inhalation of vapors causes nausea, drunkenness, depression. Contact of liquid with eyes may produce corneal injury. Prolonged contact with skin may cause a burn. (USCG, 1999)

    4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

    Treatment: Stabilization: As with most chlorinated hydrocarbons, the immediate life-threatening complications are respiratory arrest and cardiac dysrhythmia. Hence, initially attention should be directed toward establishing an airway, providing ventilation, and improving circulation as dictated by the clinical situation. Decontamination: since ethylene dichloride is a potent hepatorenal toxin, all except minor exposures seen within 4 hours of ingestion should be given the usual methods of decontamination (ipecac or lavage/activated charcoal and cathartics). Contaminated clothes should be removed and the exposed skin washed with green soap and water. Supportive care: No methods to enhance removal and no antidotes have been proven effective. Severe cases require close monitoring of clotting times and serum glucose and calcium levels, as well as hepatic and renal function. Hemodialysis is reserved for renal failure.

    5.Fire-fighting measures

    5.1 Extinguishing media

    Suitable extinguishing media

    Do not extinguish until release can be stopped. Cool fire-exposed containers with water staying clear of tank ends.

    5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

    Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Toxic and irritating gases (hydrogen chloride, phosgene) are generated. Behavior in Fire: Vapor is heavier than air and may travel considerable distance to a source of ignition and flash back. (USCG, 1999)

    5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

    Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

    6.Accidental release measures

    6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

    Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

    6.2 Environmental precautions

    Evacuate danger area! Consult an expert! Personal protection: filter respirator for organic gases and vapours adapted to the airborne concentration of the substance. Ventilation. Do NOT let this chemical enter the environment. Do NOT wash away into sewer. Collect leaking and spilled liquid in sealable containers as far as possible. Absorb remaining liquid in sand or inert absorbent. Then store and dispose of according to local regulations.

    6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

    Environmental considerations: land spill: Dig a pit, pond, lagoon, holding area to contain liquid or solid material. /SRP: If time permits, pits, ponds, lagoons, soak holes, or holding areas should be sealed with an impermeable flexible membrane liner./ Dike surface flow using soil, sand bags, foamed polyurethane, or foamed concrete. Absorb bulk liquid with fly ash, cement powder, or commercial sorbents. Apply "universal" gelling agent to immobilize spill. Apply appropriate foam to diminish vapor and fire hazard.

    7.Handling and storage

    7.1 Precautions for safe handling

    Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

    7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

    Fireproof. Separated from food and feedstuffs and incompatible materials. See Chemical Dangers. Cool. Dry. Well closed. Store in an area without drain or sewer access.Store in a clean, cool, well ventilated area away from heat, sparks, or flames. Outside or detached storage is preferred. Small quantities can be stored in brown bottles or opaque containers due to solvent's light sensitivity. Ground and bond metal containers for liquid transfers to prevent static sparks.

    8.Exposure controls/personal protection

    8.1 Control parameters

    Occupational Exposure limit values

    NIOSH recommends that ethylene dichloride be regulated as a potential human carcinogen.

    NIOSH usually recommends that occupational exposures to carcinogens be limited to the lowest feasible concn.

    Recommended Exposure Limit: 10 Hr Time-Weighted Avg: 1 ppm (4 mg/cu m).

    Recommended Exposure Limit: 15 Min Short-Term Exposure Limit: 2 ppm (8 mg/cu m).

    Biological limit values

    no data available

    8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

    Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

    8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

    Eye/face protection

    Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

    Skin protection

    Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

    Respiratory protection

    Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

    Thermal hazards

    no data available

    9.Physical and chemical properties

    Physical state Clear liquid with a chloroform-like odor
    Colour CLEAR, COLORLESS, OILY LIQUID
    Odour Pleasant odor
    Melting point/ freezing point -2°C(lit.)
    Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 83°C(lit.)
    Flammability Class IB Flammable Liquid: Fl.P. below 22.78°C and BP at or above 37.78°C.Highly flammable. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire.
    Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit Lower flammable limit: 6.2% by volume; Upper flammable limit: 16% by volume
    Flash point 13°C
    Auto-ignition temperature 412.78°C
    Decomposition temperature no data available
    pH no data available
    Kinematic viscosity 0.84 cP @ 20°C
    Solubility In water:8.7 g/L (20 oC)
    Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) no data available
    Vapour pressure 87 mm Hg ( 25 °C)
    Density and/or relative density 1.256g/mLat 25°C(lit.)
    Relative vapour density 3.4 (20 °C, vs air)
    Particle characteristics no data available

    10.Stability and reactivity

    10.1 Reactivity

    no data available

    10.2 Chemical stability

    STABLE IN PRESENCE OF ALKALI, ACIDS.

    10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

    Flammable liquid ...The vapour is heavier than air and may travel along the ground; distant ignition possible. As a result of flow, agitation, etc., electrostatic charges can be generated.Liquid ammonia and ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE can cause an explosion when mixed, NFPA 491M, 1991. A tank of dimethyl amino propyl amine exploded violently when it reacted with wet ethylene dichloride which had been the tank's previous contents [Doyle 1973]. Halogenated aliphatic compounds, such as ethylene dichloride, are moderately or very reactive. Halogenated organics generally become less reactive as more of their hydrogen atoms are replaced with halogen atoms. Materials in this group are incompatible with strong oxidizing and reducing agents. Also, they are incompatible with many amines, nitrides, azo/diazo compounds, alkali metals, epoxides, aluminum

    10.4 Conditions to avoid

    no data available

    10.5 Incompatible materials

    Explosion can result when ethylene dichloride, is mixed with liquid ammonia, dimethylaminopropylamine, nitrogen tetroxide, metal powders, organic peroxides reducing agents, & alkali & alkali earth metals. Mixtures with nitric acid are easily detonated by heat, impact, or friction. Mixtures with mercaptans form thioethers & generate heat while mixtures with nitrides generate heat & ammonia forming toxic fumes.

    10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

    Ethylene dichloride decomposes slowly becoming acidic and darkening in color.

    11.Toxicological information

    Acute toxicity

    • Oral: LD50 Mouse oral 870-950 mg/kg
    • Inhalation: LC50 Rat inhalation 12000 ppm/31.8 min, 3000 ppm/165 min, 1000 ppm/432 min
    • Dermal: LD50 Rabbit percutaneous 3400-4460 mg/kg

    Skin corrosion/irritation

    no data available

    Serious eye damage/irritation

    no data available

    Respiratory or skin sensitization

    no data available

    Germ cell mutagenicity

    no data available

    Carcinogenicity

    NTP: Reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen

    Reproductive toxicity

    No information is available on the reproductive or developmental effects of ethylene dichloride in humans. Decreased fertility and increased embryo mortality have been observed in inhalation studies of rats.

    STOT-single exposure

    no data available

    STOT-repeated exposure

    no data available

    Aspiration hazard

    no data available

    12.Ecological information

    12.1 Toxicity

    • Toxicity to fish: LC50 Pimephales promelas (fathead minnow) 136 mg/l/96 hr (95% confidence limit: 129-144 mg/l), temp 25°C, dissolved oxygen 7.8 mg/l, water hardness 44.8 mg/l calcium carbonate (CaCO3), alkalinity 41.4 mg/l CaCO3, pH 7.41, static bioassay. (Test 1)
    • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: LC50 Daphnia magna (water flea) 218,000 ug/l 48 hr. /Conditions of bioassay not specified
    • Toxicity to algae: Toxicity threshold (cell multiplication inhibition test): bacteria (Pseudomonas putida): 135 mg/l. Algae (Microcystis aeruginosa): 105 mg/l. Green algae (Scenedesmus quadricuda): 719 mg/l. Protozoa (Entosiphon sulcatum): 1127 mg/l.
    • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

    12.2 Persistence and degradability

    AEROBIC: Biodegradability tests with 1,2-dichloroethane resulted in little or no biodegradation in aerobic systems using sewage seed or activated sludge(1-5). The one river die-away test reported no degradation(1). The percent BOD produced in 5-10 days was 0-7%(2-4). Another investigator reported slow to moderate biodegradation activity(5). In a bioreactor study using microbial consortia enriched from subsurface sediments contaminated with chlororinated hydrocarbons, a mixed-organic waste containing 21 ug/l of 1,2-dichloroethane was degraded to <5 ug/l after a 21 day run(6).

    12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

    A BCF of 2 was measured for 1,2-dichloroethane in bluegill sunfish, Lepomis macrochirus(1). According to a classification scheme(2), this BCF suggests bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC).

    12.4 Mobility in soil

    The Koc for 1,2-dichloroethane is 33(1). According to a classification scheme(2), this estimated Koc value suggests that 1,2-dichloroethane is expected to have very high mobility in soil(SRC). 1,2-Dichloroethane rapidly percolates through sandy soil(3).

    12.5 Other adverse effects

    no data available

    13.Disposal considerations

    13.1 Disposal methods

    Product

    The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

    Contaminated packaging

    Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

    14.Transport information

    14.1 UN Number

    ADR/RID: UN1184 IMDG: UN1184 IATA: UN1184

    14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

    ADR/RID: ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE
    IMDG: ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE
    IATA: ETHYLENE DICHLORIDE

    14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

    ADR/RID: 3 IMDG: 3 IATA: 3

    14.4 Packing group, if applicable

    ADR/RID: II IMDG: II IATA: II

    14.5 Environmental hazards

    ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

    14.6 Special precautions for user

    no data available

    14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

    no data available

    15.Regulatory information

    15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

    Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
    1,2-dichloroethane 1,2-dichloroethane 107-06-2 none
    European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
    EC Inventory Listed.
    United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
    China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
    New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
    Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
    Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
    Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

    16.Other information

    Information on revision

    Creation Date Aug 10, 2017
    Revision Date Aug 10, 2017

    Abbreviations and acronyms

    • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
    • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
    • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
    • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
    • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
    • TWA: Time Weighted Average
    • STEL: Short term exposure limit
    • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
    • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
    • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

    References

    • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
    • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
    • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
    • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
    • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
    • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
    • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
    • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
    • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

    Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
    MSDS Expand
    1H NMR : parameter in CDCl3Expand

    NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : parameter in CDCl3

    Collapse

    C2 H4 Cl2 0.04 ml : 0.5 ml CDCl3
    1,2-dichloroethane

    Parameter ppm Hz
    D(A) 3.729

    IR : liquid filmExpand
    Mass Expand
    Raman : 4880 A,200 M,liquidExpand
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