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    benzoic acid
    CAS No.: 65-85-0 Formula: C7H6O2 Molecular Weight: 122.12100
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    benzoic acid

    CAS No.: 65-85-0 Formula: C7H6O2 Molecular Weight: 122.12100
    Suppliers: All (395) China Suppliers (269) Price Available (58) Contractor (39)

    Basic Info

    Chemical Name benzoic acid

    Benzoic acid;

    CAS No. 65-85-0
    Molecular Formula C7H6O2
    Molecular Weight 122.12100
    PSA 37.30000
    LogP 1.38480

    Numbering system

    EINECS number 200-618-2
    MDL number MFCD00002398
    SDS 1.0 Expand

    SDS 1.0

    Download/Modify | Technical supported by XiXisys.com. For US version, EU version (23 languages) and more, please refer to xixisys.com/en/sds/search


    According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

    Version: 1.0

    Creation Date: Aug 12, 2017

    Revision Date: Aug 12, 2017


    1.1 GHS Product identifier

    Product name benzoic acid

    1.2 Other means of identification

    Product number -
    Other names Benzoic acid

    1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

    Identified uses For industry use only. Preservatives and Antioxidants
    Uses advised against no data available

    1.4 Supplier's details

    Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
    Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
    Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
    Telephone +86(21)64956998
    Fax +86(21)54365166

    1.5 Emergency phone number

    Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
    Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

    2.Hazard identification

    2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

    Skin irritation, Category 2

    Serious eye damage, Category 1

    Specific target organ toxicity – repeated exposure, Category 1

    2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

    Signal word


    Hazard statement(s)

    H315 Causes skin irritation

    H318 Causes serious eye damage

    H372 Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure

    Precautionary statement(s)

    P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

    P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

    P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

    P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.


    P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

    P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

    P332+P313 If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

    P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

    P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.

    P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

    P314 Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell.




    P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

    2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification


    3.Composition/information on ingredients

    3.1 Substances

    Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
    benzoic acid benzoic acid 65-85-0 none 100%

    4.First-aid measures

    4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

    General advice

    Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

    If inhaled

    Fresh air, rest.

    In case of skin contact

    Remove contaminated clothes. Rinse and then wash skin with water and soap.

    In case of eye contact

    First rinse with plenty of water for several minutes (remove contact lenses if easily possible), then refer for medical attention.

    If swallowed

    Rinse mouth. Induce vomiting (ONLY IN CONSCIOUS PERSONS!). Refer for medical attention .

    4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

    Dust may be irritating to nose and eyes. At elevated temperatures, fumes may cause irritation of eyes, respiratory system, and skin. (USCG, 1999)

    4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

    Immediate first aid: Ensure that adequate decontamination has been carried out. If patient is not breathing, start artificial respiration, preferably with a demand-valve resuscitator, bag-valve-mask device, or pocket mask, as trained. Perform CPR as necessary. Immediately flush contaminated eyes with gently flowing water. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration. Keep patient quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Obtain medical attention. /Organic acids and related compounds/

    5.Fire-fighting measures

    5.1 Extinguishing media

    Suitable extinguishing media

    If material on fire or involved in fire: Use water in flooding quantities as fog. Solid streams of water may spread fire. Cool all affected containers with flooding quantities of water. Apply water from as far a distance as possible. Use foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide.

    5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

    Behavior in Fire: Vapor from molten benzoic acid may form explosive mixture with air. Concentrated dust may form explosive mixture. (USCG, 1999)

    5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

    Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

    6.Accidental release measures

    6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

    Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

    6.2 Environmental precautions

    Personal protection: protective clothing and face shield. Sweep spilled substance into covered plastic containers. If appropriate, moisten first to prevent dusting. Wash away remainder with plenty of water.

    6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

    Cover with soda ash or sodium bicarbonate. Mix and add water.

    7.Handling and storage

    7.1 Precautions for safe handling

    Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

    7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

    The bulk material should be stored in well-closed container in a cool dry place.

    8.Exposure controls/personal protection

    8.1 Control parameters

    Occupational Exposure limit values

    no data available

    Biological limit values

    no data available

    8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

    Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

    8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

    Eye/face protection

    Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

    Skin protection

    Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

    Respiratory protection

    Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

    Thermal hazards

    no data available

    9.Physical and chemical properties

    Physical state Colorless crystalline solid with faint pleasant odor.
    Colour Monoclinic tablets, plates, leaflets
    Odour Odorless or with a slight benzaldehyde odor
    Melting point/ freezing point 316°C(lit.)
    Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 249°C(lit.)
    Flammability Combustible.
    Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
    Flash point 121°C
    Auto-ignition temperature 571.67°C
    Decomposition temperature no data available
    pH About 4 (solution in water)
    Kinematic viscosity 1.26 cP at 130°C
    Solubility In water:Slightly soluble(r.t.). 1.7 g/L (0 °C), 2.7 g/L (18 °C), 3.44 g/L (25 °C), 5.51 g/L (40 °C), 21.45 g/L (75 °C), 56.31 g/L (100 °C)
    Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) no data available
    Vapour pressure 10 mm Hg ( 132 °C)
    Density and/or relative density 1.2659 g/cm3 (15 °C), 1.0749 g/cm3 (130 °C)
    Relative vapour density 4.21 (vs air)
    Particle characteristics no data available

    10.Stability and reactivity

    10.1 Reactivity

    no data available

    10.2 Chemical stability

    A 0.1% w/v aqueous solution of benzoic acid has been reported to be stable for at least 8 weeks when stored in polyvinyl chloride bottels, at room temperature.

    10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

    Slight, when exposed to heat or flame...Dust explosion possible if in powder or granular form, mixed with air.At high temperature BENZOIC ACID can react with oxidizing reagents.

    10.4 Conditions to avoid

    no data available

    10.5 Incompatible materials

    Undergoes typical reactions of an organic acid, e.g. with alkalis or heavy metals. Preservative activity may be reduced by interaction with kaolin.

    10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

    When heated to decomp it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

    11.Toxicological information

    Acute toxicity

    • Oral: LD50 Cat oral 2000 mg/kg
    • Inhalation: LC50 Rat inhalation >0.026 mg/L/1 hr
    • Dermal: no data available

    Skin corrosion/irritation

    no data available

    Serious eye damage/irritation

    no data available

    Respiratory or skin sensitization

    no data available

    Germ cell mutagenicity

    no data available


    Cancer Classification: Group D Not Classifiable as to Human Carcinogenicity

    Reproductive toxicity

    no data available

    STOT-single exposure

    no data available

    STOT-repeated exposure

    no data available

    Aspiration hazard

    no data available

    12.Ecological information

    12.1 Toxicity

    • Toxicity to fish: no data available
    • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: EC50; Species: Daphnia magna (Waterflea); Concentration: 500 mg/L for 24 hr, neutral pH; 102 mg/L for 24 hr, acid pH; Effect: immobilization /Conditions of bioassay not specified in source examined/ /from table
    • Toxicity to algae: EC50; Species: Chlorella pyrenoides (Algae); Concentration: 60 mg/L for 3 hr; Effect: photosynthesis reduction /Conditions of bioassay not specified in source examined/ /from table
    • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

    12.2 Persistence and degradability

    AEROBIC: Benzoic acid is biodegradable under aerobic conditions by bacteria present in crude municipal wastewater at less than or equal to 200 g/cu m.

    12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

    Measured BCF values of <10, 14, and 21 were reported for Golden ide (Leuciscus idus melanotus)(1), trout(2), and mosquito fish (Gambusia affinis)(3), respectively. According to a classification scheme(4), this BCF range suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is low(SRC). Bioconcentration factors of <10(1), 100, 138, 1800, 2800(3) and 10(4) have been reported in algae (Chorella fusca)(1), algae (Oedogonium cardiacum), mosquito larvae (Culex quinquifasciatus), daphnia (Daphnia magna) and snail (Physa), respectively(3).

    12.4 Mobility in soil

    Koc of benzoic acid is estimated as 15(SRC), using a log Kow of 1.87(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). An experimental log Koc of 1.50 (Koc = 31) has been reported, test details not available(3). According to a classification scheme(4), these Koc values suggest that benzoic acid is expected to have very high mobility in soil. The pKa of benzoic acid is 4.20(5), indicating that this compound will exist in anion form in the environment and anions generally do not adsorb more strongly to organic carbon and clay than their neutral counterparts(6). Freundlich adsorption constants of 0.23, 0 and 0 were reported using Ersum sandy till (pH 4.7; 0.25% OC), Tirstrup melt water sand (pH 6.1; 0.09% OC) and Djursland clayey till (pH 7.6; 0.22% OC), respectively, at 6°C. Soils were collected in North Sealand and Djursland, Jutland(7). Benzoic acid displayed negligible adsorption when using a montmorillonite (Volclay bentonite, Upton WY) clay(8).

    12.5 Other adverse effects

    no data available

    13.Disposal considerations

    13.1 Disposal methods


    The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

    Contaminated packaging

    Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

    14.Transport information

    14.1 UN Number

    ADR/RID: UN3077 IMDG: UN3077 IATA: UN3077

    14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name


    14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

    ADR/RID: 9 IMDG: 9 IATA: 9

    14.4 Packing group, if applicable


    14.5 Environmental hazards

    ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

    14.6 Special precautions for user

    no data available

    14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

    no data available

    15.Regulatory information

    15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

    Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
    benzoic acid benzoic acid 65-85-0 none
    European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
    EC Inventory Listed.
    United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
    China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Not Listed.
    New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
    Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
    Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Listed.
    Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

    16.Other information

    Information on revision

    Creation Date Aug 12, 2017
    Revision Date Aug 12, 2017

    Abbreviations and acronyms

    • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
    • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
    • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
    • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
    • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
    • TWA: Time Weighted Average
    • STEL: Short term exposure limit
    • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
    • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
    • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%


    • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
    • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
    • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
    • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
    • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
    • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
    • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
    • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
    • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

    Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
    MSDS Expand
    1H NMR : 90 MHz in CDCl3Expand

    NMR Spectrum 1H NMR : 90 MHz in CDCl3


    C7 H6 O2 0.040 g : 0.5 ml CDCl3
    benzoic acid

    Assign. Shift(ppm)
    A 12.09
    B 8.12
    C 7.62
    D 7.45

    IR : nujol mullExpand
    Mass Expand
    Raman : 4880 A,200 M,powderExpand
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