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    α-Pinene
    CAS No.: 80-56-8 Formula: C10H16 Molecular Weight: 136.23400
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    α-Pinene

    CAS No.: 80-56-8 Formula: C10H16 Molecular Weight: 136.23400
    Suppliers: All (32) China Suppliers (32) Price Available (9) Contractor (1)

    Description

    α-Pinene is an organic compound of the terpene class, one of two isomers of pinene. It is an alkene and it contains a reactive four-membered ring. It is found in the oils of many species of many coniferous trees, notably the pine. It is also found in the essential oil of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis). Both enantiomers are known in nature; (1S,5S)- or (?)-α-pinene is more common in European pines, whereas the (1R,5R)- or (+)-α-isomer is more common in North America. The racemic mixture is present in some oils such as eucalyptus oil and orange peel oil.

    Basic Info

    Chemical Name α-Pinene
    Synonyms

    2-Pinene; AciteneA; pin-2-ene; PC500; PINENE; PERMOUNT; c 500; Bicyclo[3.1.1]hept-2-ene, 2,6,6-trimethyl; Pina-2-ene; Alpha-Pinene; Australene; Expand

    CAS No. 80-56-8
    Molecular Formula C10H16
    Molecular Weight 136.23400
    PSA 0.00000
    LogP 2.99870

    Numbering system

    UNII JPF3YI7O34

    Properties

    Appearance & Physical State liquid with a turpentine odour
    Density 0.858
    Boiling Point 154-157oC
    Melting Point -55oC
    Flash Point 38oC
    Refractive Index 1.465-1.467
    Water Solubility insoluble
    Stability Stable. Flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
    Storage Condition Flammables area

    Safety Info

    RTECS DT7000000
    Hazard Class 3.2
    Safety Statements S16-S26-S29-S37/39-S61
    HS Code 2902191000
    WGK Germany 1
    Packing Group III
    RIDADR UN 2368
    Risk Statements R10; R36/37/38; R51/53; R65
    Hazard Codes Xn
    SDS 1.0 Expand

    SDS 1.0

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    SAFETY DATA SHEETS

    According to Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) - Sixth revised edition

    Version: 1.0

    Creation Date: Aug 17, 2017

    Revision Date: Aug 17, 2017

    1.Identification

    1.1 GHS Product identifier

    Product name α-Pinene

    1.2 Other means of identification

    Product number -
    Other names 2-Pinene

    1.3 Recommended use of the chemical and restrictions on use

    Identified uses For industry use only. Food additives -> Flavoring Agents
    Uses advised against no data available

    1.4 Supplier's details

    Company MOLBASE (Shanghai) Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
    Address Floor 4 & 5, Building 12, No. 1001 North Qinzhou Road,
    Xuhui District, Shanghai, China
    Telephone +86(21)64956998
    Fax +86(21)54365166

    1.5 Emergency phone number

    Emergency phone number +86-400-6021-666
    Service hours Monday to Friday, 9am-5pm (Standard time zone: UTC/GMT +8 hours).

    2.Hazard identification

    2.1 Classification of the substance or mixture

    Flammable liquids, Category 3

    Aspiration hazard, Category 1

    Skin irritation, Category 2

    Skin sensitization, Category 1

    2.2 GHS label elements, including precautionary statements

    Pictogram(s)
    Signal word

    Danger

    Hazard statement(s)

    H226 Flammable liquid and vapour

    H304 May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways

    H315 Causes skin irritation

    H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction

    Precautionary statement(s)
    Prevention

    P210 Keep away from heat, hot surfaces, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. No smoking.

    P233 Keep container tightly closed.

    P240 Ground and bond container and receiving equipment.

    P241 Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/...] equipment.

    P242 Use non-sparking tools.

    P243 Take action to prevent static discharges.

    P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.

    P264 Wash ... thoroughly after handling.

    P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.

    P272 Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.

    Response

    P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water [or shower].

    P370+P378 In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.

    P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/…

    P331 Do NOT induce vomiting.

    P302+P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of water/...

    P321 Specific treatment (see ... on this label).

    P332+P313 If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

    P362+P364 Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.

    P333+P313 If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.

    Storage

    P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

    P405 Store locked up.

    Disposal

    P501 Dispose of contents/container to ...

    2.3 Other hazards which do not result in classification

    none

    3.Composition/information on ingredients

    3.1 Substances

    Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number Concentration
    α-Pinene α-Pinene 80-56-8 none 100%

    4.First-aid measures

    4.1 Description of necessary first-aid measures

    General advice

    Consult a physician. Show this safety data sheet to the doctor in attendance.

    If inhaled

    If breathed in, move person into fresh air. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Consult a physician.

    In case of skin contact

    Wash off with soap and plenty of water. Consult a physician.

    In case of eye contact

    Rinse thoroughly with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes and consult a physician.

    If swallowed

    Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Rinse mouth with water. Consult a physician.

    4.2 Most important symptoms/effects, acute and delayed

    Harmful if swallowed, inhaled or absorbed through skin. High concentrations are extremely destructive to mucous membrane and upper respiratory tract, eyes and skin. Symptoms of exposure may include burning sensation, coughing, wheezing, laryngitis, shortness of breath, headache, nausea and vomiting. (USCG, 1999)

    4.3 Indication of immediate medical attention and special treatment needed, if necessary

    Immediate first aid: Ensure that adequate decontamination has been carried out. If patient is not breathing, start artificial respiration, preferably with a demand valve resuscitator, bag-valve-mask device, or pocket mask, as trained. Perform CPR if necessary. Immediately flush contaminated eyes with gently flowing water. Do not induce vomiting. If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on the left side (head-down position, if possible) to maintain an open airway and prevent aspiration. Keep patient quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Obtain medical attention. /Turpentine, terpenes, and related compounds/

    5.Fire-fighting measures

    5.1 Extinguishing media

    Suitable extinguishing media

    Foam, carbon dioxide, dry chemical

    5.2 Specific hazards arising from the chemical

    Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Vapor may travel considerable distance to source of ignition and flashback. Container explosion may occur during fire conditions. Forms explosive mixtures in air. (USCG, 1999)

    5.3 Special protective actions for fire-fighters

    Wear self-contained breathing apparatus for firefighting if necessary.

    6.Accidental release measures

    6.1 Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures

    Use personal protective equipment. Avoid dust formation. Avoid breathing vapours, mist or gas. Ensure adequate ventilation. Evacuate personnel to safe areas. Avoid breathing dust. For personal protection see section 8.

    6.2 Environmental precautions

    Prevent further leakage or spillage if safe to do so. Do not let product enter drains. Discharge into the environment must be avoided.

    6.3 Methods and materials for containment and cleaning up

    Cover with an activated carbon adsorbent, take up and place in closed containers.

    7.Handling and storage

    7.1 Precautions for safe handling

    Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid formation of dust and aerosols. Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.Provide appropriate exhaust ventilation at places where dust is formed. For precautions see section 2.2.

    7.2 Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities

    Keep container closed. Keep away from heat, sparks, and open flame.

    8.Exposure controls/personal protection

    8.1 Control parameters

    Occupational Exposure limit values

    no data available

    Biological limit values

    no data available

    8.2 Appropriate engineering controls

    Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wash hands before breaks and at the end of workday.

    8.3 Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment (PPE)

    Eye/face protection

    Safety glasses with side-shields conforming to EN166. Use equipment for eye protection tested and approved under appropriate government standards such as NIOSH (US) or EN 166(EU).

    Skin protection

    Wear impervious clothing. The type of protective equipment must be selected according to the concentration and amount of the dangerous substance at the specific workplace. Handle with gloves. Gloves must be inspected prior to use. Use proper glove removal technique(without touching glove's outer surface) to avoid skin contact with this product. Dispose of contaminated gloves after use in accordance with applicable laws and good laboratory practices. Wash and dry hands. The selected protective gloves have to satisfy the specifications of EU Directive 89/686/EEC and the standard EN 374 derived from it.

    Respiratory protection

    Wear dust mask when handling large quantities.

    Thermal hazards

    no data available

    9.Physical and chemical properties

    Physical state liquid with a turpentine odour
    Colour Colorless, transparent liquid
    Odour CHARACTERISTIC ODOR OF PINE
    Melting point/ freezing point -55oC
    Boiling point or initial boiling point and boiling range 154-157oC
    Flammability no data available
    Lower and upper explosion limit / flammability limit no data available
    Flash point 38oC
    Auto-ignition temperature 255°C (USCG, 1999)
    Decomposition temperature no data available
    pH no data available
    Kinematic viscosity 1.303 cP at 25°C
    Solubility In water:insoluble
    Partition coefficient n-octanol/water (log value) log Kow = 4.83
    Vapour pressure 10 mm Hg at 37.28°C
    Density and/or relative density 0.858
    Relative vapour density 4.7 (Relative to Air)
    Particle characteristics no data available

    10.Stability and reactivity

    10.1 Reactivity

    no data available

    10.2 Chemical stability

    Stable under recommended storage conditions.

    10.3 Possibility of hazardous reactions

    Flammable liquid. A dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidizing materials.ALPHA-PINENE may react vigorously with strong oxidizing agents. May react exothermically with reducing agents to release gaseous hydrogen.

    10.4 Conditions to avoid

    no data available

    10.5 Incompatible materials

    As the nitrosyl percholate anhydride of nitrous and perchloric acids, it is a very powerful oxidant.

    10.6 Hazardous decomposition products

    no data available

    11.Toxicological information

    Acute toxicity

    • Oral: LD50 Rat oral 3700 mg/kg
    • Inhalation: no data available
    • Dermal: no data available

    Skin corrosion/irritation

    no data available

    Serious eye damage/irritation

    no data available

    Respiratory or skin sensitization

    no data available

    Germ cell mutagenicity

    no data available

    Carcinogenicity

    no data available

    Reproductive toxicity

    no data available

    STOT-single exposure

    no data available

    STOT-repeated exposure

    no data available

    Aspiration hazard

    no data available

    12.Ecological information

    12.1 Toxicity

    • Toxicity to fish: LC50; Species: Pimephales promelas (Fathead minnow); Conditions: feshwater, semi-static, 25.5°C, pH 7.70 + or -0.2, oxygen concentration 6.7 mg/mL; Concentration: 0.28 mg/L for 96 hr /98% pure 1R(+)-isover. Measured purity 91%/[USEPA; High Production Volume Information System (HPVIS). Detailed Chemical Results Chemical Name: Bicyclo
    • Toxicity to daphnia and other aquatic invertebrates: LC50; Species: Daphnia magna (Water flea, age <24 hr); Conditions: freshwater, static, 22°C, pH 8.0 (7.4-9.4), hardness 173 mg/L CaCO3, dissolved oxygen >60%; Concentration: 68000 ug/L for 24 hr (95% confidence interval: 24000-190000 ug/L) /commercial grade >80%
    • Toxicity to algae: no data available
    • Toxicity to microorganisms: no data available

    12.2 Persistence and degradability

    AEROBIC: Soil slurry samples taken from three different Georgia watersheds were found to readily degrade alpha-pinene under aerobic conditions, undergoing complete removal within 250 hours after a short lag period(1,2). The concentration of alpha-pinene in seawater samples decreased from 0.41 ng/L to 0.25 ng/L when incubated with macrophytes for 6 hrs at 10°C(3). The concentration of alpha-pinene in the influent to a kraft mill aerated stabilization basin with a 7-8 day retention time decreased from 0.20 ppm to 0.04 ppm(4). alpha-Pinene, present at 100 mg/L, reached 95% of its theoretical BOD in 4 weeks using an activated sludge inoculum at 30 mg/L in the Japanese MITI test(5).

    12.3 Bioaccumulative potential

    An estimated BCF of 1,040 was calculated in fish for alpha-pinene(SRC), using a log Kow of 4.83(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this BCF suggests the potential for bioconcentration in aquatic organisms is very high(SRC), provided the compound is not metabolized by the organism(SRC).

    12.4 Mobility in soil

    The Koc of alpha-pinene is estimated as 2,600(SRC), using a water solubility of 2.49 mg/L(1) and a regression-derived equation(2). According to a classification scheme(3), this estimated Koc value suggests that alpha-pinene is expected to have slight mobility in soil.

    12.5 Other adverse effects

    no data available

    13.Disposal considerations

    13.1 Disposal methods

    Product

    The material can be disposed of by removal to a licensed chemical destruction plant or by controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing. Do not contaminate water, foodstuffs, feed or seed by storage or disposal. Do not discharge to sewer systems.

    Contaminated packaging

    Containers can be triply rinsed (or equivalent) and offered for recycling or reconditioning. Alternatively, the packaging can be punctured to make it unusable for other purposes and then be disposed of in a sanitary landfill. Controlled incineration with flue gas scrubbing is possible for combustible packaging materials.

    14.Transport information

    14.1 UN Number

    ADR/RID: UN2368 IMDG: UN2368 IATA: UN2368

    14.2 UN Proper Shipping Name

    ADR/RID: alpha-PINENE
    IMDG: alpha-PINENE
    IATA: alpha-PINENE

    14.3 Transport hazard class(es)

    ADR/RID: 3 IMDG: 3 IATA: 3

    14.4 Packing group, if applicable

    ADR/RID: III IMDG: III IATA: III

    14.5 Environmental hazards

    ADR/RID: no IMDG: no IATA: no

    14.6 Special precautions for user

    no data available

    14.7 Transport in bulk according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/78 and the IBC Code

    no data available

    15.Regulatory information

    15.1 Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question

    Chemical name Common names and synonyms CAS number EC number
    α-Pinene α-Pinene 80-56-8 none
    European Inventory of Existing Commercial Chemical Substances (EINECS) Listed.
    EC Inventory Listed.
    United States Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Inventory Listed.
    China Catalog of Hazardous chemicals 2015 Listed.
    New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC) Listed.
    Philippines Inventory of Chemicals and Chemical Substances (PICCS) Listed.
    Vietnam National Chemical Inventory Not Listed.
    Chinese Chemical Inventory of Existing Chemical Substances (China IECSC) Listed.

    16.Other information

    Information on revision

    Creation Date Aug 17, 2017
    Revision Date Aug 17, 2017

    Abbreviations and acronyms

    • CAS: Chemical Abstracts Service
    • ADR: European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road
    • RID: Regulation concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
    • IMDG: International Maritime Dangerous Goods
    • IATA: International Air Transportation Association
    • TWA: Time Weighted Average
    • STEL: Short term exposure limit
    • LC50: Lethal Concentration 50%
    • LD50: Lethal Dose 50%
    • EC50: Effective Concentration 50%

    References

    • IPCS - The International Chemical Safety Cards (ICSC), website: http://www.ilo.org/dyn/icsc/showcard.home
    • HSDB - Hazardous Substances Data Bank, website: https://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/newtoxnet/hsdb.htm
    • IARC - International Agency for Research on Cancer, website: http://www.iarc.fr/
    • eChemPortal - The Global Portal to Information on Chemical Substances by OECD, website: http://www.echemportal.org/echemportal/index?pageID=0&request_locale=en
    • CAMEO Chemicals, website: http://cameochemicals.noaa.gov/search/simple
    • ChemIDplus, website: http://chem.sis.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/chemidlite.jsp
    • ERG - Emergency Response Guidebook by U.S. Department of Transportation, website: http://www.phmsa.dot.gov/hazmat/library/erg
    • Germany GESTIS-database on hazard substance, website: http://www.dguv.de/ifa/gestis/gestis-stoffdatenbank/index-2.jsp
    • ECHA - European Chemicals Agency, website: https://echa.europa.eu/

    Disclaimer: The above information is believed to be correct but does not purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The information in this document is based on the present state of our knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any guarantee of the properties of the product. We as supplier shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or from contact with the above product.
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    IRExpand
    Exposure Route Type of Test Species Observed Dose/Duration Toxic Effects
    Administration onto the skin Standard Draize test Human - man 100% -
    Administration onto the skin Standard Draize test Rodent - rabbit 500 mg/24H -
    Oral LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill Rodent - rat 3700 mg/kg 1.Brain and Coverings-recordings from specific areas of CNS
    2.Behavioral-somnolence (general depressed activity)
    3.Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration-other changes
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